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When to Use Ser and Estar

 

When focusing on learning conversational Spanish for beginners, 

 

there are some topics that are more important than others.

 

 

Knowing when to use Ser and Estar is without a question a useful tool

 

 

that can accelerate the process of learning Spanish for beginners.

 

 

Let’s take a look at some examples of when to use Ser and Estar

 

 

When to Use Ser and Estar Chart:

 

   

Example in English

 

Example in Spanish

SER is used…

       

When Talking About Permanent or Essential Characteristics

 

She is inteligent

 

Ella es inteligente

When Talking About the Time (Date / Hour / Days of the Week)

 

What time is it?

 

¿Qué hora es?

When Talking About  Possessions

 

This is Lucía´s house

 

Esta casa es de Lucía

When Talking About The Material Something is Made of

 

The spoon is made of metal

 

La cuchara es de metal

When Talking About Relationships

 

Maria is Roberto´s girlfriend

 

María es la novia de Roberto

When Talking About Where an event is happening

 

The class is at the school

 

La clase es en la escuela

When Talking About Someone’s Religion

 

I am catholic

 

Soy católico

When Talking About Someone’s Profession or Occupation

 

I am a Mechanical Engineer

 

Soy Ingeniero Mecánico

When Talking About Someone’s Nationality

 

I am Mexican

 

Soy Mexicano

When Talking About Someone’s Place of Origin

 

Where are you from?

 

¿De dónde eres?

ESTAR is used…

       

When Talking About Locations

 

I am in my room

 

Estoy en mi cuarto

When Talking About Ongoing Actions

 

I am talking to my friends

 

Estoy hablando con mis amigos

When Using Adjectives to describe how something is (temporarily)

 

I am tired

 

Estoy cansado

 

 

We hope our When to Use Ser and Estar Chart makes things easier for you as you continue on learning Spanish for beginners.

 

Take a look at our other lessons to learn Spanish free online available on this site.

 

Like this one:  Ser vs Estar (“To Be” in Spanish)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  1. Ser vs Estar practice - Free Spanish Grammar Lessons | Learning Spanish for Beginners

    […] When to Use Ser and Estar […]

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